created time is newer than modified and access time

hello everyone, i’m working on an assignment and there are files which their created time are newer than both modified and access times. i don’t understand how modified time can be older than created time. can you help me understand?

You will see this often. The file created time is likely the date created (essentially ‘first appeared’) on the filesystem you are examining. It was possibly modified and accessed on another filesystem, then moved to the one you are examining. You need additional context regarding the files to make any definitive conclusions.

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thank you so much for your help!